Document Type : Review Article


1 Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Spine Surgery, Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Introduction: Since the effectiveness of water therapy pre-rehabilitation exercises in people with chronic back pain and candidates for surgery as well as its effects on the results of laminectomy surgery have not been collected in a comprehensive study, it was decided to conduct the present study to obtain the issue of whether the hydrotherapy pre-rehabilitation exercises are effective on the electrical activity of central muscles in patients with chronic back pain who are candidates for laminectomy surgery, or not.
Methodology: This study is a systematic review.
Results: Initially, 66 articles were found. Reviewing the abstracts of the articles led to the removal of 30 articles, and from the remaining 36 articles, 28 articles were removed by reviewing the texts of the articles, and among the remaining articles, 4 articles were removed due to the low quality of the article, and finally 4 articles were included in this study and analyzed.
Conclusion: Water sports pre-rehabilitation program can be an important part of the comprehensive rehabilitation program for patients with back pain.

Graphical Abstract

Are Water Therapy Pr-rehabilitation (Non-Chemical Drug) exercises effective on the electrical activity of the central muscles of patients with chronic back pain who are candidates for laminectomy surgery? A systematic review


Main Subjects

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