Document Type : Original Research Article
1 Assistant Professor of Spine Surgery, Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Orthopaedics, Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Introduction: Recently, the use of knee braces in the elderly to increase the electrical range and activity of knee has become widespread, but the results have not been gathered in one study to determine its effects. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of the effect of knee brace (as a non-chemical treatment) on the electrical activity range of the lower limb muscles during walking in a systematic way.
Methodology: In this systematic review, keywords such as knee brace, electromyography, elderly, and walking with the help of Boolean operators in English and Persian databases Iranmedex, SID, Magiran, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Science Direct, PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Proquestand Ebsco/CINAHL were searched.
Results: In this review, 4 articles were included in the study. A total of 87 people were investigated and the period of publication of articles varied from 2010 to 2022. The results of all articles indicated that the use of a knee brace leads to an improvement in the functional state of the knee, an increase in the strength of the biceps biathlon muscles, and an increase in electrical activity and the quality of walking.
Conclusion: The use of braces is effective in improving muscle activity in the elderly during different sub phases of walking. This is applied to both men and women. Despite this, more research is needed to prove this issue as well as possible.
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