Document Type: Original Research Article

Authors

Department of Chemistry School of Sciences The Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria

10.33945/SAMI/AJCB/ajcb.2020.243263.1057

Abstract

The presence of heavy metals in water sources is worrisome because heavy-metal pollutants are associated with severe health problems. The resultant health challenges as a result of heavy metal pollution have necessitated the removal of these pollutants from wastewater before being discharged into the environment. This research was carried out to investigate the potentials of avocado pear (Persea americana) seed coat as biosorbent of lead(II) and cadmium(II), in single and binary metal systems, from aqueous solutions. Biosorbent particle sizes and dosage were varied in the study. Desorption of biosorbed metal ions was studied using sodium salt of ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and hydrochloric acid (HCl). Biosorbent of 106 µm particle size gave the best uptake of lead and cadmium from aqueous solutions than those of 850, 1180, 1400 and 2000 µm particle sizes. Biosorption of lead (II) and cadmium(II) increased with an increase in biosorbent dosage (up to threshold dosage). The uptakes of lead(II) and cadmium(II) in single systems are higher than those of binary systems. Biosorption capacities of lead(II) were higher than those of cadmium(II) for both single and binary systems. The observation could be linked to low hydration energy of lead(II) compared with that of cadmium(II). Biosorbed lead(II) and cadmium(II) were desorbed using 1.0 mol/L EDTA (for single system) and 1.0 mol/L HCl (binary system). Lead and cadmium ions were easily desorbed from single metal system unlike binary system. In overall, the avocado pear biosorbent could be used for treatment of wastewater contaminated with lead(II) and cadmium(II).

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

REFERENCES

[1]   OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), Improving waste management. Recent OECD Experience, (2006).

[2]   M. Shahpar, S Esmaeilpoor, Advanced QSRR modeling of organic pollutants in natural water and wastewater in Gas Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Chemical Methodologies, 2 (2018) 1–22.

[3]   M.A. Adebayo, J.I. Adebomi, T.O. Abe, F.I. Areo, Removal of aqueous Congo red and malachite green using ackee apple seed–bentonite composite, Colloid and Interface Science Communications, 38 (2020) 100311.

[4]   X. Wang, T. Sata, B. Xing, S. Tao, Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish.  Science of the Total Environment, 35 (2005) 28–37.

[5]   M.A. Adebayo, L.D.T. Prola, E.C. Lima, M.J. Puchana-Rosero, R. Cataluña, C. Saucier, C.S. Umpierres, J.C.P. Vaghetti, L.G. da Silva, R. Ruggiero, Adsorption of Procion Blue MX-R dye from aqueous solutions by lignin chemically modified with aluminium and manganese, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 268 (2014) 43–50.

[6]   R. Salim, M. Al-Subu, E. Dawod, Efficiency of removal of cadmium from aqueous solution by plant leaves and the effects of interaction of combinations of leaves on their efficiency, Journal of Environmental Management, 87 (2008) 521–523.

[7]   M. Viti, F. D’Onza, E. Mantovani, D.M. Albarella, N. Cenni, Post-seismic relaxation and earthquake triggering in the Southern Adiatic region, International Journal of Geophysics, 153 (2003) 645–657.

[8]   P. King, N. Rakesh, S. Beenalahari, K.Y. Prasanna, V.S.R.K. Prasad, Removal of lead from aqueous solution using Syzgium cumini L.: Equilibrium and kinetic studies, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 142 (2007) 340–347.

[9]   Y. Bulut, Z. Basal, Removal of Pb (II) ions from wastewater using Wheat bran, Journal of Environmental Management, 78 (2006) 107–113.

[10] J.M.S. Pearce, Burton’s line in the lead poisoning, European Neurology, 57 (2007) 118–190.

[11] M.P. Waalkes, Cadmium carcinogenesis in review, Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 79 (2000) 241–244.

[12] Y.C. Sharma, Thermodynamics of removal of cadmium by adsorption on an indigenous clay, Chemical Engineering Journal, 145 (2008) 64–68.

[13] F. Gode, E. Pehlivan, Removal of chromium (III) from aqueous solution using Lewatits 100: The effect of pH, time, metal ion concentration and temperature, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 136 (2006) 330–337.

[14] M.A. Adebayo, Adsorption of congo red from aqueous solutions using clay–corn cob–FeCl3 composite, FUTA Journal of Research in Sciences, 15 (2019) 61–74.

[15] A. Bazzo, M.A. Adebayo, S.L.P. Dias, E.C. Lima, J.C.P. Vaghetti, E.R. de Oliveira, A.J.B. Leite, F.A. Pavan, Avocado seed powder: characterization and its application as biosorbent for crystal violet dye removal from aqueous solutions, Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (2016), 15873–15888.

[16] S. Rovani, A.N. Fernandes, L.D.T. Prola, E.C. Lima, W.O. Santos, M.A. Adebayo, Removal of Cibacron Brilliant Yellow 3G-P dye from aqueous solutions by Brazilian peats as biosorbents, Chemical Engineering Communications, 201 (2014) 1431–1458.

[17] B.O. Atolaiye, J.O. Babalola, M.A. Adebayo, M.O. Aremu, Equilibrium modeling and pH-dependence of the adsorption capacity of (Vitex doniana) leaf for metal ions in aqueous solution, African Journal of Biotechnology, 8 (2008) 507–514.

[18] A.F. Aiyesanmi, A.E. Okoronkwo, M.B. Akinmolayan, Equilibrium sorptive of lead and nickel from solution by Flame of the Forest (Delonix regia) pods kinetics and isothermic study, Journal of Environmental Protection, 4 (2013) 261–269.

[19] M.T.K. Tsui, K.C. Cheung, N.F.Y. Tam, M.H. Wang, A comparative study on metal sorption by brown seaweed, Chemosphere, 65 (2006) 51–57.

[20] R.A. Jacques, E.C. Lima, S.L.P. Dias, A.C. Mazzocato, F.A. Pavan, Biosorption of Cr(III) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution using Yellow passion fruit shell, Separation and Purification Technology, 57 (2007) 193–198.

[21] A. Seker, T. Shahwan, A.E. Eroğlu, S. Yilmaz, Z. Demirel, M.C. Dalay, Equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies for the biosorption of aqueous lead (II), cadmium (II) and nickel (II) from Spirulina platensis, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154 (2008) 973–980.

[22] N.A.A. Babarinde, J.O. Babalola, A. Adenike, A. Adetunji, Isotherm and thermodynamic studies of the biosorption of Zn2+ from solution using maize leaf, Journal of Science and Technology, 9 (2008) 96–102.

[23] M.A. Adebayo, A.A. Adebayo, J.F. Adediji, O.T. Adebayo, Isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies of Lead(II) biosorption by Streblus asper, Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, 13 (2012) 283–293.

[24] M.A. Adebayo, J.F. Adediji, A.A. Adebayo, O.T. Adebayo, Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the biosorption of Ni2+ from aqueous solution by Streblus asper, Journal of Applied Sciences, 12 (2012) 71–77.

[25] A.E. Okoronkwo, A.O. Adebayo, O.I. Omotunde, Sorptive removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions by Delonix regia derived lignin: Effect of amination, Desalination Water Treatment, 51 (2013) 25–27.

[26] E.F. Olasehinde, A.V. Adegunloye, M.A. Adebayo, A.A. Oshodi, Sequestration of aqueous lead(II) using modified and unmodified red onion skin, Analytical letters, 51 (2018) 2708–2730.

[27] E.F. Olasehinde, A.V. Adegunloye, M.A. Adebayo, A.A. Oshodi, Cadmium (II) Adsorption from aqueous solutions using onion skins, Water Conservation Science and Engineering, 4 (2019) 175–185.

[28] A.F. Aiyesanmi, M.A. Adebayo, Y. Arowojobe, Biosorption of lead and cadmium from aqueous solution in single and binary systems using Avocado pear exocarp, Analytical Letters, (2020).

[29] V.R. Surisetty, J. Kozinski, L.R. Nageswara, Biosorption of Lead Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Ficus benghalensis L., Journal of Engineering, 2013 167518.

[30] E. Cheraghi, E. Ameri, A. Moheb, Adsorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions using sesame as a low-cost biosorbent: kinetics and equilibrium studies, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 12 (2015) 2579–2592.

 

HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE

Yemisi Arowojobe, Ademola F. Aiyesanmi and Matthew A. Adebayo, Removal of Aqueous Lead and Cadmium using Persea americana Seed Coat: Single and Binary Studies, Ad. J. Chem. B, 3 (2021) 16-24

DOI: 10.33945/SAMI/AJCB/ajcb.2020.243263.1057
URL: http://www.ajchem-b.com/article_118052.html

 

 

 

 

 

[31] E.C. Lima, M.A. Adebayo, F.M. Machado, Experimental Adsorption, in: Bergmann, C.P. and Machado, F.M. (Eds)., Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications, 1st Ed. Springer International Publishing, New York, (2015) 71–84.

[32] L. Deng, Y. Su, H. Su, X. Wang, X. Zhu, Sorption and desorption of lead(II) from wastewater by green algae Cladophora fascicularis, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 143 (2007) 220–225.

[33] L. Deng, X. Zhu, Y. Su, H. Su, X. Wang, Biosorption and desorption of Cd2+ from wastewater by dehydrated shreds of Cladophora fascicularis, Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 26 (2008) 45–49.

[34] D. Ouyang, Y. Zhuo, L. Hu, Q. Zeng, Y. Hu, Z. He, Research on the adsorption behavior of heavy metal ions by porous material prepared with silicate tailings, 9 (2019) 291.

[35] B. Mattuschka, G. Straube Biosorption of metals by waste biomass, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 58 (1993) 57–63.

[36] E. Eren, B. Afsin, An investigation of Cu(II) adsorption by raw and acid-activated bentonite: A combined potentiometric, thermodynamic, XRD, IR, DTA study, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 151 (2008) 682–691.